Trip to Kolvitsa
At the core
of this book is a series of interviews with Kolvitsa old-timers,
the oldest of whom were born in the late 1920s or early 1930s.
Many of those interviewed are direct descendants of a small
group of Karelian migrants who moved here across the Kandalaksha
Bay and founded the village in early 90s of the 19th century.
These interviews were mostly taken and processed in the Fall of
2014 and, together with historic background, provided a
comprehensive view onto the origin and history of the village.
starts with a historic overview of lands around Kolvitsa, first
mentioned in the middle of the 16th century as property of the
Monastery of Holy Virgin in Kandalaksha.
centuries later, starting the end of the 1800s, live human
voices get added to mere documents, with grandchildren and
great-grandchildren of first Kolvitsa settlers sharing personal
and family memories. These include reminiscences of the dramatic
post-revolution 1918-1919 period, and of WW2.
are mostly about the period from late 40s to 70s, when Kolvitsa
was at its height during the Soviet days, before the collective
farm was dissolved and the village turned into a dacha
The Trip to
Kolvitsa described in detail the main occupations of the village
residents: reindeer herding, fishing and logging.
also covers outposts of the Solovki prison camp in the vicinity
of Kolvitsa, and repressions of ethnic Finns in 1940 after the
war with Finland in the winter of 1939.
number of archive documents have been reviewed during the work
on the book. Most materials, including family photos, are being
published for the first time.
includes appendices on Kolvitsa in art and literature.
The Trip to
Kolvitsa will be of interest to anyone wishing to understand the
history of the village or the area in general.
and printing of The Trip to Kolvitsa was made possible by the
Timchenko Fund. The project was performed by youth movement
“EcoDozor” (EcoWatch) of the Kola Ecological Center jointly with
youth center “Harmonia” of the City of Kandalaksha. Immediately
involved in gathering materials and developing the text were
Ludmila and Gennady Alexandrov, and Alexandra Goryashko. Artist
Valentin Myzdrikov designed the book’s cover.
summary was prepared by Paul Voytinsky (kandalaksha.su).